ⓘ Yohane Pak Hujae

                                     

ⓘ Yohane Pak Hujae

Yohane Pak Hujae ni mmojawapo katika kundi kubwa la Wakristo wa Kanisa Katoliki nchini Korea waliouawa kwa ajili ya imani yao katika miaka 1791–1888. Wanakadiriwa kuwa 8.000 - 10.000.

Yeye na wenzake 102 walitangazwa na Papa Yohane Paulo II kuwa watakatifu tarehe 6 Mei 1984.

Sikukuu ya hao Wafiadini wa Korea huadhimishwa tarehe 20 Septemba.

                                     

1. Mazingira

Mwishoni mwa karne ya 18, Ukristo wa Kikatoliki ulianza kuenea taratibu nchini kwa juhudi za wananchi walei. Mwaka 1836 Korea, nchi ya Kikonfusyo ilipata wamisionari wa kwanza kutoka nje wanashirika wa Paris Foreign Missions Society.

Chini ya nasaba ya Joseon, Ukristo ulifutwa, tena waamini walidhulumiwa na kuuawa. Waliobaki walipaswa kushika imani yao kwa siri.

                                     

2. Marejeo

  • Fathers of the London Oratory 1859. The New Glories of the Catholic Church. London: Richardson and Son.
  • Dallet, Charles 1874. Histoire de lÉglise de Corée, Volume 1. Paris: Librairie Victor Palmé.
  • Attwater, Donald and Catherine Rachel John 1993. The Penguin Dictionary of Saints. 3rd edition. New York: Penguin Books. ISBN|0-14-051312-4.
  • Dallet, Charles 1874. Histoire de lÉglise de Corée, Volume 2. Paris: Librairie Victor Palmé.
                                     

3. Viungo vya nje

  • History of the Missions Etrangeres de Paris MEP
  • List and brief description of martyrs
  • Homily of Pope John Paul II given for the Mass for the canonization of the Korean martyrs
                                     
  • Sandali wa Cordoba, Mansueto wa Toul, Marino shemasi, Ausani, Aigulfi, Yohane Pak Hujae na wenzake n.k. Wikimedia Commons ina media kuhusu: Septemba 3 BBC:
  • Changgum Yohane Mbatizaji Yi Kwangnyol Magdalena Yi Yonghui Lusia Kim Nusia Maria Won Kwiim Maria Pak Kunagi Barbara Kwon Hui Yohane Pak Hujae Barbara
  • Wakatoliki Archived Juni 25, 2007 at the Wayback Machine. Waliotangazwa na Papa Yohane Paulo II kuwa watakatifu Archived Agosti 4, 2004 at the Wayback Machine